Timothy Brooks Sr.

Dates of Birth and Death


Captain Timothy Brooks Sr. was born at Concord, Massachusetts in 1634. He was the son of Henry Brooks and the first of his two wives, name unknown. Henry Brooks, a farmer and clothier, was born in England about 1592 and migrated to Massachusetts as part of the Great Migration in the early 1630’s.

Timothy Brooks Sr., moved with his parents to Woburn, Massachusetts about 1648-1649 where he married Mary Russell on 2 December 1659. About 1670, Timothy and Mary moved to Billerica, Massachusetts with their two sons, Timothy Jr. and John . While living in Billerica and later Swansea, they had an additional eight children- all girls. Swansea had been created under the protection of the court of New Plymouth for the purpose of founding a colony for a band of exiled Welsh Baptists who had come to Massachusetts from Swansea, South Wales in 1649. Here they built one of the first Baptist churches in America followed shortly after by the founding of a second church at Rehoboth. Following Mary’s death in 1680, Timothy married Mehitable Mowry, widow of Eldad Kinsley, in Swansea, Massachusetts later that year. Timothy and Mehitable had one son, Josiah, born 26 August 1681.

Timothy Brooks Sr. was one of the respected citizens of Swansea during his ten years of residence. In 1689, shortly before migrating to New Jersey, he was elected a representative and on 20 May 1690, he was commissioned a Captain of Militia.

About 1687, a little colony of Baptists migrated from Swansea, Massachusetts to New Jersey, settling along the river called by Indians “The Cohanso.” The Cohansey River Settlement (as named by the white settlers) was near the old town of Greenwich that lies near the mouth of the Cohansey River in present-day Cumberland (then Salem) County, New Jersey. During the summer of 1690, an additional group of Welsh Baptists (mostly Seventh-Day worshippers) from Swansea, Massachusetts came to the Cohansey Settlement. Among these were Timothy Brooks Sr., Timothy Brooks Jr., the Bowens, Barretts, and Swinneys. These families moved further inland and settled at Bowentown, Barrett’s Run, and Shiloh.

Timothy Brooks died at Cohansey in Salem County, New Jersey in 1712. His will was proved on 7 October 1712 and mentions his wife Mehitable, sons Timothy Jr. and Josiah, and daughters (unnamed).


Biography Author

408 Col. Steven C. Guy, USA (Ret.)


Timothy Brooks of Massachusetts and His Descendants, Robert Peacock Brooks, Pompton Lakes, New Jersey, 1927, pp. 11-17, 20.

The Snow-Estes Family Ancestry, Vol. 2, The Estes Family, Nora E. Snow, New York, 1939, pp. 282- 285.

Documents Relating to the Colonial History of New Jersey, Vol. 23, Calendar of New Jersey Wills, William Nelson, 1901, pp. 62-63.